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More than half of all Afghans in Germany are in not fully paid employment

Nuremberg - Six out of ten Afghans in Germany are not gainfully employed. 163,000 of the 272,000 Afghans who were living in Germany at the end of 2020 were not pursuing any worthwhile work, according to a study published on Monday by the Institute for Employment Promotion (IAB) of the Federal Employment Agency based in Nuremberg.

The employment rate of Afghans had fallen to a low of just over 15 percent in 2016. The proportion of working Afghans rose until the Corona crisis, and has stagnated since then.

At the end of the year, Afghans were three percentage points more likely to work than migrants from other typical countries of origin. It looks different with women. While an average of 29 percent of women from Afghanistan, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia and Syria have been employed for five years or more, the figure for Afghan women is significantly lower at eight percent.

Eight percent of Afghan women have a job
According to the authors of the study, this is due on the one hand to the family structures and on the other hand to the experiences in the countries of origin. For example, “only 27 percent of Afghan women, but 41 percent of the other refugee women, had previous employment experience”.

The study assumes that the Afghans who have now been admitted have “better qualifications with regard to their level of education, German and foreign language skills than those who had previously moved in”. They also encountered better framework conditions in Germany than the migrants who came during the asylum crisis six years ago.

“On the one hand, this is due to the better developed integration structure than in 2015, for example. On the other hand, fewer people seeking protection compete for scarce resources,” explained the head of the IAB research area Migration, Integration and International Labor Market Research, Herbert Brücker. "Against this background, faster integration into the labor market and other areas of society as well as lower costs of integration can be expected."

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