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Skepticism about immigration to Germany is falling

Migration has gained approval in the Federal Republic. The majority of Germans believe that immigration brings economic advantages, as a study commissioned by the Bertelsmann Foundation on the culture of welcome has shown.

According to this, around 68 percent of those surveyed hope that the influx of foreigners will provide incentives for international companies to settle in Germany. 55 percent consider migration to be a sensible measure against the shortage of skilled workers.

Almost two-thirds of Germans also expect that society will age less if more people move to Germany from abroad. Around 48 percent expect additional income for the pension funds. All values ​​are thus higher than in the previous surveys in 2017 and 2019.

Concerns about the consequences of immigration have fallen
According to the study, concerns about the negative consequences of immigration have also decreased. Nevertheless, they are still shared by the majority of respondents. 67 percent fear burdens for the welfare state. In 2019 it was 71 percent. 66 percent also expect conflicts between immigrants and Germans. Compared to 2019, the value has decreased by three percentage points.

Around 56 percent of those questioned assume that an increase in migration could lead to problems in schools. In 2019 it was 64 percent. At 59 percent, concerns about housing shortages in metropolitan areas are at the same level as three years ago.

Study shows east-west divide
According to the Bertelsmann Foundation, there is a gap in the results between respondents from western Germany and those from the eastern federal states. Concern about the consequences of immigration is sometimes significantly greater for the latter.

In addition, there are still differences in the approval of labor and asylum migration. 71 percent of those surveyed attest that the population is very willing to welcome people who come to Germany to work or study. For refugees, this figure is 59 percent.

Half of Germans want to take in more migrants
Around 36 percent of the survey participants are of the opinion that the Federal Republic cannot take in more immigrants at the moment because the load limit has already been reached. In 2017, 56 percent shared this assessment. In addition, every second advocates bringing more migrants to Germany “for humanitarian reasons”. The willingness to accept has increased overall compared to 2019 and is currently around the level of 2015.

"The relationship between the German population and migration has improved continuously since the peak of the 'refugee crisis' in 2015 and the focus is increasingly on the opportunities offered by immigration ," says the foundation's migration expert, Orkan Kösemen. The reason for this is, among other things, the experiences from the Corona crisis. "Many people have experienced more specifically how important it is that the critical infrastructure works and that we also depend on immigration for this, from care to the service sector to agriculture."

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